This work is a collection of articles presented at the Second International Congress of Napoleonic Studies, 4-11 July 1999 in Israel. Edited by Aryeh Shmuelevitz of Tel Aviv University, the papers concentrate on Napoleon’s incursion into the Holy Land between 1798 and 1801. Napoleon’s European campaigns are well-studied, but the French army’s time in Egypt and elsewhere in the Middle East has not been as closely studied. Consequently, this volume is a significant contribution to the study of the Napoleonic era as it brings together leading experts in Napoleonic and Middle Eastern studies to discuss impact that the French invasion had both on France and the Middle East. The articles range in topic from military matters, to the effects on Ottoman reform and representations of the invasion in both French and local society.